Art of Ancient Chinese Furniture: Part 3

Art of Ancient Chinese Furniture: Part 3

By the Ming and Qing dynasties, traditional furniture had already completed in varieties, which fell into six major categories: chairs(stool); side tables; cupboards(cabinet); beds(couch); stands(rack) and screens. Chairs include official-headgear shaped chair, rose chair, lamp-hanging chair, round-backed armchair, folding chair, square stool, long stool, drum-shaped stool. Tables include kang (a heatable bed commonly used in North China), tea table, incense-burner table, writing desk, flat table, end-upwards table(table with both ends raised upwards), jiaji table (table on top of which side table is placed), lute table, altar table, square table, Eight Immortals table (square table seating eight people), crescent table, etc. cupboards include cupboard-cabinet (combining the functions of cupboard, cabinet and table), menhu cupboard (table with drawers, somewhat similar to the chest of drawers), wardrobe, bookcase, treasure case, treasure box, etc. beds include framed bed, wooden couch, etc. stands include coat hanger, basin stand, lamp-stand, shelf for holding potted flowers, dressing table, foot supporter, etc. and screens include chaping (table screen with a stand), Weiping (folding screen usually with four, six or eight folds), luzuo (stove base), huzuo (pot base), etc. the furniture in the Ming and Qing dynasties often used metals as auxiliary components to further protect and reinforce the furniture, and to add luster as well.