Pottery Craft

Pottery Craft

Pottery craft has been a particular branch of the Chinese art.

Chinaware shines as the unique genre and aesthetic objects in the treasury of China art.

As is known to all, earthenware was universal in pre-historic culture, but China was the homeland and birthplace of it. The art of Chinese pottery has a long history.

The production of Chinese pottery started in the Shang Dynasty and matured considerably in the Eastern Han Dynasties. This long period was the inception period of pottery, and the pottery in the period was called the "primitive pottery". Both pottery and bronze were produced under high temperatures. "Ceramic and castings" used to be a combined term. Only in the Tang Dynasty pottery entered a new historic period.

There were all sorts of porcelain articles, ranging from ten sets to tableware, wine vessels, stationery, toys, musical instruments and other daily articles,as well as embellishing and exhibition articles.

The forms of the Tang porcelain are at the same time plump and intricate, plain and varied. Yue Kiln in the south and Xin Kiln in the north were two famous porcelain kilns. The products of Yue Kiln (celadon) were hard,and translucent like emerald. A piece of blue Yue porcelain was unearthed from the tomb of Li Shuang in Xian, who was buried in the first year of the reign of Zongshang (668 A.D. ) of Emperor Gao in the Tang Dynasty. Its blue glaze was as bright as a mirror. The Yue kiln porcelain was commented by the Tang scholar Lu Yu in his "Tea Canon" as "quasi jade" and "quasi ice". Xin porcelain kiln was located at Xintai country of Hebei province. The porcelain products of Xin kiln were fine and smooth, with bright white glaze. In addition, in different localities were produced various black-glazed, yellow-glazed, brown-glazed and dark brown glazed porcelain articles, that were plain and uncouth, with marked local flavors. Many decorative methods were used, including printing, scratching, embossing, incising, moulding, etc. Also, more patterns were used, including patterns of flowers and birds.