Qing You Xian Wen Zun

 Qing You Xian Wen Zun

The history of pottery and porcelain making in China dates from 3,000 years ago, and it is believed that ancient Chinese people were the first in the world to invent such techniques.

A celadon wine vessel made in the Shang Dynasty (16th century-11th century BC) is on display at Shanghai Museum and shows that Chinese people had perfectly mastered the skill of porcelain making long ago.

The vessel, named "Qing You Xian Wen Zun," (青釉弦纹尊) meaning "a glazed celadon wine vessel with string patterns" is one of the earliest porcelains known to be discovered.

Archaeologists believe that ancient craftsmen used porcelain clay mixed with water to form the body of celadon ware, glazed its surface and fired it in a heat up to 1,200 degrees Celsius.

After heating, the clay turned into hard and solid celadon ware. The fine and smooth surface of the celadon vessel looks bright and shiny. The jade-green glaze on the surface is like a protective coating and reflects soft golden lights, especially on the edges.

When you knock the vessel, the sound is clear and melodious. With simple string patterns, the vessel looks plain, yet graceful and elegant.

After surviving thousands of years, the delicate celadon wine vessel remains remarkably intact. It is very rare to see a complete piece of ancient celadon ware that achieved such a high degree of artistic accomplishment.

It reflects the superb craftsmanship and intelligence of the people in the ancient times of China, and tells the history of thousands of years ago.