Eighteen Arms of Wushu

Eighteen Arms of Wushu



Eighteen Arms of Wushu refers to the main eighteen kinds of weapons of Chinese martial arts. On May 18, 2010, these weapons were listed as National Intangible Cultural Heritage.

It is said that Eighteen Arms of Wushu was first mentioned in history during the period of Southern Song Dynasty (1127~1279). Till now, there still exits a controversy of what the eighteen weapons really refer to. Eighteen Arms of Wushu are generally presented as follows:


1) Dao – knife (known as one of the four major weapons, one of the earliest weapons in China)
2) Qiang – spear (known as one of the four major weapons, famous ones including Lihua spear, etc.)
3) Jian – sword (known as one of the four major weapons, also regarded as The Gentleman of Weapons)
4) Ji – halberd (two categories: long halberd and short halberd)
5) Fu – axe
6) Yue – battle axe (it belongs to axe but is bigger than axe)
7) Cha– fork (originally it was a production tool)
8) Bian – chain whip
9) Chui- hammer (a heavy weapon with strong lethal)
10) Zhua – talon
11) Gun – staff (known as one of the four major weapons, also regarded as The Grandfather of all Weapons)
12) Bang – Short cudgel
13) Tang – trident-halberd
14) Gou – a hook-like sword
15) Shuo – long-handled spear (a heavy weapon)
16) Jian – mace
17) Guai – crutches
18) Liu xing – meteor hammer (one of the flexible or soft weapons)

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